Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because our world is so computer-driven, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history in order to create this score.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in building your score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers likely find their credit scores between 620 and 800.
Your FICO score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your score, you have to obtain your score and make sure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO score, offers FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (407) 889-4321.