About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in building your score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are weighted differently depending on which formula the agency uses. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers getting a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
How can you raise your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Know your FICO
To improve your FICO score, you've got to obtain the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO credit score, offers credit scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call at (407) 889-4321.